It is an infectious disease. It is not transmitted to people, but from cat to cat. Infects immune system cells, killing or damaging them. This makes the animal is exposed to a variety of diseases and secondary infections.
This disease is more common in stray cats or cats that have unrestricted access and interact with others who may be infected.
The critical age activation of the disease is either a year or five years. The life expectancy of these animals is usually less than that of healthy cats.
Symptoms can vary widely. Some cats may have no symptoms for an extended time after infection.
When present, among the most frequent, we can find us: anemia, liver or intestinal disease, reproductive disorders, and even abortions and neonatal mortality. They are also common problems related to the immune system and tumor formation.
Besides, as already mentioned, affected cats are very likely to have other secondary diseases because their immune system is not functioning correctly.
The disease is highly contagious. Can be transmitted by fluids such as saliva, blood, and milk are also believed by feces and urine. The most common route of infection is contact with the saliva of an infected animal. This transmission may be by licking, biting, or even sharing food and water bowls.
Mothers can spread it to infants at birth or during breastfeeding. Therefore, young kittens or newborns may suffer from the disease.
The most receptive to this disease are young animals cats between one and four months. These animals usually have a weak immune response — also, the elderly, or those cats that spend some time down defenses.
This virus is not very resistant in the environment. Airborne transmission is unlikely and is sensitive to all detergents and disinfectants.
However, if your cat comes into contact with saliva from other cats, or have a fight with a positive cat, you can pass some of these things:
- That is immune to the disease: the animal comes into contact with the virus, but the immune system gets combat and eliminates it. It may happen that pass for a few days of fever and lethargy. This is called “transient viremia,” but eventually the body manages to expel the virus.
- The virus remains latent: do not get sick, but the virus does stay in the bone marrow. These cats have the virus, and although they are not affected by the disease at any time can be reactivated. Activation may occur at a time of lowering of defenses. It can take years to be active, or even you’ll ever do, and deleted.
- The virus from infecting: The virus can penetrate the body and affect the animal. The animal will go through a few days of fever and lethargy, and transient viremia, and recover. The virus remains in the animal for life. It may take months or years to come forward.
There is no treatment for this disease. What we can do with our cat, it is to protect you from exposure to other conditions and ensure proper nutrition.
Although there are no specific treatments for feline leukemia, some drugs, such as interferon and other immunostimulants may be helpful to keep the cat’s immune system in good condition.
Call your veterinarian recommends treatments depending on the symptoms presented by the animal.
Vaccines against feline leukemia. Although it is recommended that healthy kittens are vaccinated, it is not a vaccine to protect 100% against the disease. That is why, so it is not recommended that cohabit positive disease cats and healthy cats, even if they are vaccinated.
The best we can do, to see if our cat is healthy, you do a test at the vet. These tests are recommended for all cats do, to make sure they are not affected or are carriers of the disease.
These tests are vital, especially if you’re going to introduce a new member to the family. Thus, we can identify positive kittens and not transmit the disease to each other.
Ask your vet confidence, and can advise you on the best for your kitty!